Orofacial Myofunctional Therapy

Updated: Oct 14, 2020

What is an Orofacial Myofunctional Disorder (OMD)?

A mouth and face disorder related to muscle function.

OMDs occur in both children and adults.

What are OMDs?

  • Improper tongue resting posture

  • Tongue thrusting

  • Poor nasal breathing

  • Open mouth posture

  • Drooling

  • Feeding, chewing, and swallowing difficulties

  • Speech sound disorders

  • Thumb, finger, and hair sucking

  • Teeth grinding or clenching

What are some signs & symptoms of OMDs?

  • Poor latch during breast- or bottle-feeding

  • Difficulty eating/drinking or picky eating

  • Difficulty producing speech sounds

  • Difficulty breathing due to enlarged tonsils, adenoids

  • Open mouth breathing

  • Noisy breathing

  • Snoring

  • Jaw pain or TMJ

  • High narrow palate

  • Malocclusion or misalignment of the teeth (over-jet, cross-bite, open-bite)

  • Orthodontic relapse (teeth moving, turning, crowding after braces)

What causes OMDs?

  • Large tonsils or adenoids (obstructed airway)

  • Prolonged sucking habits

  • Tethered oral tissues (tongue, lip, or buccal ties)

  • Craniofacial or neurological deficits

How do Orofacial Myofunctional Disorders impact speech, voice, swallowing, and breathing?

  • Open mouth breathing

  • Sleep apnea

  • Articulation difficulties

  • Inefficient chewing

  • Difficulty swallowing pills

  • Muscle tension dysphonia

How can a Myofunctional Therapist help?

  • Assess facial growth and mouth development

  • Refer and collaborate with other professionals (allergist, ENT, dentist, orthodontist, etc.)

  • Address open mouth postures, tongue thrusting, and sucking habits

  • Improve speech sound articulatory placement

  • Modify swallow and chewing patterns for saliva, liquids and solids

Contact Speech Language Voice & Swallowing PLLC today to get your questions answered.

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